Many people suffer from periodontal disease, which causes gum bleeding and gum pain. Periodontal or Gum disease is an infection around the teeth including the gum, the cementum that covers the periodontal ligament,the root and the alveolar bone. The bacteria which are inside our mouth, along with mucous and other particles create a slimy, pale‘plaque’ on teeth. By daily brushing and flossing you can clear out plaque but the plaque that is not removed harden and form a ‘tartar’ that brushing couldn’t clean. You need to go to a professional dentist to get rid of tartar. Periodontal disease can harm your oral heath by making you lose teeth prematurely.
The inflammation of the gums is called ‘gingivitis’ and it occurs due to bacterial attack. The red, swollen and bleeding gums indicate gingivitis though it is a mild form of disease, and can be prevented easily by maintaining dental hygiene regularly.
If gingivitis is not treated, then things can get worse and lead to ‘periodontitis’. Periodontitis means inflammation around the tooth, in which the swollen gums get detached from the teeth forming spaces called ‘pockets’ between tooth and gum. Bacteria growreally fast in the pockets getting it infected.
How to treat periodontal disease?
The goal of gum disease treatment is to protect the gums from infection. There are a number of non-surgical periodontal treatments available:
Scaling and Root planing
Through scaling dentist scraps off the tartar from above and below gum line. Root planning helps to clear the tough spots on the tooth root where germs gather. In some cases laser technique is used to clear plaque and tartar.
Tray delivery systems
The tray delivery system includes a custom-fit tray that is made from the impressions of the patient’s mouth. It can be used at home by the patients while delivering medication prescribed by their dentist.